Common Eye Diseases

Eye Diseases in a word collage.

The eyes are complex organs that require many parts working together to create clear, stable vision. Problems or malfunctions in any part of the eye can lead to several common eye diseases.

The term “eye disease” refers to several diseases that affect the function of the eye. Some eye problems are minor and temporary. However, some are serious and can lead to permanent vision loss over time if left untreated. Early detection and treatment is the best way to maintain your vision and prevent vision loss. 

It’s essential to visit your eye care professional immediately if you have a sudden vision change, if your vision appears to dim, or if you see flashes of light. Other symptoms that require urgent attention include pain, double vision, fluid coming from the eye, and inflammation. 

Eye Disease Treatments at Eye Specialists of Louisiana 

Eye Specialists of Louisiana offers safe, effective surgical and non-surgical treatment options for several types of eye diseases, including:  

  • Astigmatism
    A common and generally treatable imperfection in the eye’s curvature that causes blurred vision. It occurs when the clear front layer of the eye (cornea) or the inner part of the eye (lens) is irregularly shaped.
  • Cataracts
    A cloudy or thick area over the normally clear lens of the eye that sits behind the pupil. As this thickening worsens, it stops light from passing through the lens and focusing on the retina, which causes blurred vision.
  • Diabetic Retinopathy
    A complication of diabetes that damages the blood vessels in the tissue at the back of the eye (retina). This damage leads to blurred vision, floaters, and dark areas of vision.
  • Dry Eye
    A common condition that occurs when the tears aren’t able to provide adequate lubrication for the eyes. It may also occur when the eyes do not make the right type of tears or tear film.
  • Farsightedness (Hyperopia)
    A common vision condition that causes blurred near vision. It occurs when the eyeball is shorter than normal or the cornea isn’t curved enough.
  • Flashes and Floaters
    These are vision conditions that commonly occur with age. Both eye floaters and flashers are caused by the natural shrinking of the gel-like fluid in the eye.
  • Glaucoma
    A group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, which is responsible for clear vision. The damage is often caused by high eye pressure.
  • Macular Degeneration
    A degenerative condition that affects the macular (the center of the retina) and results in distortion or loss of central vision.
  • Nearsightedness (Myopia)
    A common vision condition that causes blurred distance vision. It occurs when the eyeball is longer than usual or the cornea is curved too steeply.
  • Presbyopia
    A gradual, age-related loss of near vision that usually becomes noticeable when a person is in their early to mid-40s.
  • Keratoconus
    A condition in which the cornea (the clear tissue on the front of the eye) bulges outward. It often leads to blurred vision, sensitivity to light, and glare issues.

Our skilled ophthalmologists use the most advanced technologies and procedures available to achieve the best possible outcomes. Call Eye Specialists of Louisiana at 255-768-7777 to schedule an appointment. Our board-certified physicians look forward to helping you see again.